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Updating this section was discontinued in 1997 due to the amount of time it consumed and the lack of new changes on Clark.  When significant news happens now I scan it and send it out to our mailing list.


These articles do not necessarily reflect the views of the management at Margarita Station

Some editing has been done to remove Tag-English, typos, and other local "styles" and to reduce the story sizes. All stories have been reduced in size. These articles are not meant to give you the whole story, or our point of view, but rather to give former Clark Air Base residents a taste of what is currently in the media that might interest them.
(Significant editor comments are this color.)

Most recent article posted on the top

New visitors may want to read up from the bottom

Pinatubo and Lahar info has been moved to the VOLCANO page

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Sun Star 17 Nov 1997

Clark facelifting rushed for '98 centennial expo

CLARK FIELD, Pamp.— The Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ) has become a beehive of infrastructure and real estate developments all geared towards the centennial celebrations next year. The Clark Development Corp. (CDC) recently launched a major beautification drive in the commercial center of the ecozone. CDC officials described the move as "a wholistic beautification drive" that will create a more conducive atmosphere for shopping and tourism during the Christmas season and for the opening next year of the centennial celebration of Philippine Independence here. At the same time, the RN Development Corp. (RNDC), owner and developer of Fontana Leisure Park, is determined to finish the leisure park's 544 villas by year end in time for the centennial celebrations. Since Metro Clark has only 2,000 hotel rooms available, at least 5,000 hotel rooms are needed to accommodate some 25,000 visitors daily during the Philippine Exposition from April to August next year. Engr. Harizon Ramos, project manager of GSM Construction, said work inside the sprawling Fontana Leisure Park is "going full blast" to rehabilitate some of the villas. Once completed, Fontana will be the first private club that will have its own water and theme park. Aside from the villas and water theme park, Fontana will also have a 300-room five star hotel, a golf course and other facilities. Jaime Lopez, chief operating officer of Fontana, said that its golf course will be constructed after the completion of the villas. Lopez said the golf course will have its own water containment and recycling facility to make it more environmental friendly. Fontana's golf course was recently given the nod by a local environmental group since "it sits on a wasteland." Joselin Gornez of Damayan said Fontana's golf course will not have an adverse effect on the environment since it is located in what used to be wasteland. Lopez assured that the golf course will be beneficial to its surrounding communities since it will not only make a substantial contribution to the community's economy but will also restore the damaged land area where it is located. The CSEZ will be the centerpiece of the celebration of the Philippines' 100 years of independence from April to August next year.

Sun Star 13 Nov 1997

Tourism projects top Clark

various tourism projects posted the largest investments inside the Clark Special Economic Ecozone (CSEZ), making up 30 percent of the top 20 investor-firms, according to the Clark Development Corp. (CDC). British Virgin Islands-registered firm Golden Fortune topped the investment commitment of top 20 firms with P30 billion for its tourism resort complex at the CSEZ sub-zone. It will construct four 2,000-room casino-hotels in line with plans for the sub-zone to become a recreational mecca in Southeast Asia. In the second top post is the planned hotel and golf resort complex by Sacobia Hills and Development Corp. The firm will be putting up True North, a P4.84-billion water theme park with luxury villas and shopping mall clustered in a business center at Clark's Sacobia Valley. The third and fourth spots are utility projects by US firm Polar Energy Inc. (PEI) and Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT), respectively. PEI and PLDT are CDCs joint venture partners. PEI will invest P2.2 billion for the power generation project that will include the construction of a new power plant with an initial rated capacity of l07 megawatts. PLDT, on the other hand, has committed to infuse P2 billion for the rehabilitation of its telecommunications network. PLDT is setting up a digital exchange system and fiber optic loop. In 1996, it installed some 5,000 lines and a cellsite for cellular communications. Up to 100,000 land and cellular lines using fiber optic technology will be installed for basic telephone, e-mail services, Internet features and video conferencing. In the fifth spot is Mondragon Leisure and Resort Corporation (MLRC), a firm headed by former Tourism Secretary Antonio Gonzales. MLRC operates the Mimosa Leisure Estate, a P1.9 billion complex with a 36-hole championship golf course, vacation villas, fully-themed casino and a five-star hotel. Other tourism projects/companies in the list of top 20 CSEZ projects are the Hacienda Golf Company, P1 billion (9); Fun Avenue Development Corp., P1 billion (10); Eight Integrated Development Corp. P300 million (17). The rest are RN Development Corporation, P1.46 billion, integrated housing (6); Yokohama Tire Phils., Inc., P1.4 billion, tire manufacturing (7); Clark Water and Sewerage Co. Inc., water distribution and sewerage system (8); Nise Tobacco International Corp. P1 B, cigarette processing (11). Kita Corporation, P743 million, TV assembly (12); Hantex Trading Company, P500 million, shopping mall (13); Doojin Corporation, P455 million, Korean Industrial Park, (14); Clark International School, P420 million (15); Logimas Manufacturing Corp., P390 million, electronics (16); Transpacific Broadcast Group, P300 million, broadcast facilities (18); Puregold Duty Free, P250 million, shopping mall (19); and Sampo Technology Phils. P220 million, assembly of computer monitors (20).

US trade mission on observation tour at Clark

CLARK FIELD— A 32-man American trade mission are here on an observation tour. The mission is sponsored by Boeing Co. and Philippine International Trading .Corp. and is composed of top executives [from leading American corporations. The delegates arrived yesterday. The mission, headed by Boeing, will represent a cross section of U.S. industries with companies like Parker Hannifin, Vickers, Caepell, Picker International, Hughes Electronics, Waste Products Institute, WW Ranstech, Northrop Gruman IT Services, Electronic data System, Honeywell and General Electric. The companies represent various sectors in automotive, electronics, environmental, metal-working and information technology. Clark Development Corp. (GRC) president and CEO Romeo David will head the delegation that will welcome the U.S. trade mission. Later, a grand reception at the Bicentennial Park here hosted by CDC and Clark International Airport Corp. (CIACor) will be rendered to the U.S. trade mission. The CDC president said the American executives will meet with locators and businessmen in the Metro Clark area. David said the mission will introduce U.S. companies to business opportunities in the Philippines, particularly in the Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ). David also said the trade delegation will be given a briefing tomorrow on the development of the former American military base six years after the Philippine Senate voted not to renew the Military Bases Agreement with the U.S. Last month, Boeing Co. through its wholly-owned subsidiary McDonnell Douglas Corp. signed a memorandum of understanding with CIACor. CDC sources said McDonnell Douglas is currently undertaking an industrial participation program for the F/ A-18 Hornet, described as a multi-mission tactical aircraft currently being used by the U.S. Navy and the U.S. Marine Corps. The source said the Philippines is one of the countries currently evaluating the F/A-18 to replace its aging fleet of F5 Freedom Fighters. The F/A-18 has proven to be the most versatile combat aircraft in service with its superiority in day and night strike missions, reconnaissance, forward air control and close air support, the source added. However, two militant groups here questioned the plan of Boeing to put up a military aircraft support center here. The People's Task Force for Bases Clean-Up said the Boeing project in Clark confirmed their suspicions that the former home of the U.S. 13th Air Force is still being eyed as a possible U.S. military access point like Sumbang Point along Sarangani Bay in Mindanao. On the other hand, Nuclear Free Philippines Coalition has challenged the government to give more information to the public on the CIACor-Boeing project.

Sun Star October 30, 1997

Taiwan airline starts Clark flights

CLARK INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT— A Taipei-based commercial airline is scheduled to arrive here today for its inaugural flight. A Great China Airlines (GCA) De Havilland Dash 8 aircraft is set to arrive at 5:30 p.m. here today to begin its Taiwan-Clark international commercial passenger operations. On board the flight are 50 passengers which includes GCA executive vice president Charles Woo. Philippine Ambassador to Taiwan Armando Fernandez, his wife and tourism attache' Jemy See. A press statement from airline officials said the maiden flight is "meant to promote Clark and its environs as a gateway for tour groups from Taiwan." Clark International Airport Corp. (CIACor) officials welcomed the new development as "another boost to the growing confidence of the international community in the Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ) as a regional education center bolstered by the presence of a modern civil aviation complex." GCA has initially scheduled ten chartered , flights that will fly from Taipei to Clark and vice versa starting October 30 until Nov. 29. The scheduled flights will have three days interval each. Set to welcome the GCA inaugural flight here today are representatives of the Department of Tourism, Association of Travel Agencies of Pampanga, Hotel and Restaurant Association of Pampanga and other tourism related groups.

Sun Star Oct 29, 1997

Opening of centennial Expo site at Clark moved

CLARK FIELD — The National Centennial Exposition site's opening date has been postponed again from February 25, 1998 to April 1998. This was announced yesterday by Clark Development Corp. (CDC) president Romeo David in a briefing for Defense Secretary Fortunate Abat at the Mt. Pinatubo Commission (MPC) office here. The opening date was originally slated for December this year but was moved to February 25. 1998. The delay has been due to serious disagreements between the National Centennial Commission and Global Clark Assets, government's strategic partner in the Philippine Centennial Exposition project. The disagreements delayed the construction of required infrastructures for the project, particularly the 8-hectare Freedom Ring, the centerpiece of the centennial exposition. The Philippines National Centennial Exposition 1998 or EXPO Pilipino is the flagship project of the government in commemoration of the country's independence centennial on June 12,1998 here. It was delayed anew because of alleged bickerings between the CDC and the Bases Conversion Development Authority (BCDA). David said a soft opening of the EXPO Pilipino here will be held on Feb. 25, 1998 instead of the much-publicized full opening on that same date. He also said that 54 percent of the Expo site has been completed. EXPO Pilipino is a 60-hectare commercial and trade exhibit site that will showcase 100 years of Philippine history and celebrate the emancipation of the Filipinos from the tyranny of colonialism and the country's transformation into an independent and proud nation. The EXPO Pilipino will be the site of the world's largest covered dome with the eight hectare Freedom Ring, second only to a 7.6- hectare covered dome in Brunei. Aside from the Freedom Ring, EXPO Pilipino will present achievements in trade and investments, education, environment, arts, tourism, and international relations. Thematic exhibits like a Grand Entrance where a gigantic Philippine Flag measuring 100-meter by 50-meter wide will be displayed. This includes the Ancient Island where a graphic description of the country's past from.pre-historic to the 16th century will be showcased and a replica of a volcano containing a 180-degi'ee panoramic theater will be featured. The Colonial Plaza is a recreation of Filipino heroism from the 16th century to the 19th century, set against the backdrop of a Spanish Plaza. The 1.5-hectare Global City will have two exhibit areas: the Philippine Pavilion, featuring the best of the Philippines and the Friendship Pavilion, where exhibits will be developed using a thematic approach under a general theme "Towards a Borderless Future." The 1.5 hectare Millennium Hall will showcase the sustainable and attainable future of the Philippines. The Fun Zone will have high technology amusement game rooms and various carnival rides. The land of almost ready!!

Sun Star 27 Oct 1997

CL groups oppose plan to build Clark military aircraft support center

ANGELES CITY—Two militant organizations have questioned the plan to build a military aircraft support center at the Clark Special Economic Zone, site of the former Clark Air Base. This, after the Clark International Airport Corp. (CIACor) and the aviation industry giant The Boeing Company through its wholly-owned subsidiary McDonnel Douglas Corp. signed a memorandum of understanding last week. But the news, coming at a time when talks of setting up a US naval base persist in Mindanao and with Rep. Wigberto Tanada (Quezon, LP) indicating that the Status of Forces Agreement (Sofa) and the Access Gross-Servicing Agreement (Acsa) are already a "done deal," has stirred the hornet's nest in a city where the country's anti-bases movement has taken roots. The project CDC's press release said McDonnel Douglas are currently undertaking an industrial participation program for the F/A-18 Hornet, a multi-mission tactical aircraft being used by the US Navy and the US Marine Corps. It added that F/A-18 Hornet has proven to be the most versatile combat aircraft in service with its superiority in day and night strike missions, reconnaissance, forward air control and close air support. The trade mission of Boeing, CDC said, will enable supplier companies for F/A-I8s to explore investment opportunities in the country. In its webpage, Boeing said that the F/A-18 is currently being evaluated by Austria, Chile and the Philippines. The Armed Forces of the Philippines, currently on a Modernization program despite threats of budget cuts, will replace its aging fleet of F-5 Freedom Fighters with F/A-18 Hornets. The People's Task Force) for Bases Clean-Up, which has since pressed the government to lodge complaints against the toxic contamination of Clark and Subic by the United States, condemned the signing of the memo. Myria Baldonado, task force chair, said the Boeing project in Clark "confirmed their suspicions that the former home of the 13th US Air Force is still being eyed as a possible US military access point like Sunabang Point along Sarangani Bay in Mindanao. Earlier, the US Embassy has denied reports that the United States was planning to setup new military bases in the country, particularly in the Socsargen area in Mindanao. Baldonado said the Boeing project gave "more weight" to Tanada's conclusion that the US military access agreement is already a done deal. She added that the US military's "desperate attempt" to come back is happening at a time when there is strong pressure from Japan to close down US bases especially in Okinawa due to strong opposition generated by a rape case. The Nuclear-Free Philippines Coalition (NFPC) got hold of a document entitled the US Fleet Intelligence Center Brief which showed that 22 commercial ports have been seriously considered for US military access in the Philippines including Sarangani and Subic Bay. "It is interesting to note that though Clark is not listed down in the brief, the US government has insisted that by virtue of the Mutual Defense Treaty, they can use even the Ninoy Aquino International Airport and other Philippine airports in time of emergency," she explained. The memo, she stressed, violated the bases conversion law which should intend the former baselands for productive and civilian ventures. The project, she said. also fits US "design" of negotiating for military access in the "guise of bringing new investments." The NFPC has challenged the government to inform the public on the Ciacor-Boeing project. Saying the people deserved the right to be informed, NFPC chair Prof. Roland Simbulan raised several questions on the project. "Since maintenance and repair of military aircraft is involved, does this mean that an RP-US Acsa has already been forged? If the answer is 'no', then does it mean that the Acsa is inevitable?," asked Simbulan. He said that "if the answer is 'yes' then it must be in the form of an executive agreement but why is it being kept secret? Why is it not being made public?" "Is the McDonnel Douglas Aircraft Maintenance Center for servicing F/A-18 Hornet aircraft intended for the Philippine Air Force? Or is it for military aircraft of foreign countries?" Finally, Simbulan asked if the Senate is privy to the Ciacor-McDonnel Douglas memorandum of agreement. Lawyer Arlene Buan from this city said that "something very suspicious is being cooked up in Clark." He said the site could become "a magnet" for attacks from unfriendly forces where aircraft is manufactured, repaired, refueled or stationed. "I don't see any problem if the project were commercial in nature, but would give it a big no if the project services foreign military aircraft. Commecial undertaking But the Clark Development Corp., which oversees the economic zone, allayed fears expressed by the groups. Romeo David, president of CDC, could not be reached for comment. A member of his staff said he was sick. CDC external affairs officer Lycette Ramos is in Singapore on a business trip. Noel Tulabut of the CDC media affairs office said the project was "still very fluid" and that it would most likely be commercial in nature, serving the needs of Clark as an international airport. Gen. Tereso Isleta, Ciacor vice president for operations, said he was not aware of the memo signing. "There are interests, pero walang pang pirmahan," he said during a telephone interview. But a military aircraft support center, he said, would be supporting the requirement of the PAF in its modernization bid. He said too that the project will be well within the development track of the CSEZ. "Ciacor is into aviation-related projects. The airport can then compete with Singapore if we have aviation projects as manufacturing, repair. It will even create business and employment for the people," Isleta said. Asked if the efforts of the US in Sarangani Bay were in anyway related with the Boeing project, he said "that's too far out, that's in the south and we're in the north."

Today 8 Oct 1997

Clark zoo won't cage animals

CLARK FIELD, Pampanga—Part of the Clark Development Corp.'s (CDC) commitment to the preservation of the rain forest-like natural. environment of the Clark Special Economic Zone has given rise to the establishment of a zoo where exotic animals will be put on show but not caged. During the signing of the memorandum of understanding between the CDC and Jose Jimenez III,. One South Triangle Corp. company chairman and project proponent, said the Clark Zoological Gardens will breed and maintain exotic animals in what is envisioned to be a world-class zoo. Jimenez added that the project will also feature a vast botanical garden, rain forest for ecological conservation, man-made lakes, cable rides and wildlife sites for a safari. The zoological and botanical garden project will provide hundreds of job opportunities for local residents when it becomes fully operational by the year 2000, CDC president Romeo David said after the signing. The One South Triangle Chip., which will undertake the zoo project, is a Pampanga-based firm headed by a core of local businessmen and will be backed up by investors from Metro Manila and Mindanao. The zoo will be patterned after the world-famous zoos that have attracted visitors in Europe Asia and Africa, with tie-ups formalized between Jimenez' group and people from the zoo business in Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Italy and Zimbabwe for animal stock, breeding, zoo up-keep and the construction of special facilities. David predicted the viability, success and necessity of the zoo is one of the principal eco-tourism attractions inside the sprawling Clark ecozone aside from its being an investor's haven and site of the dark International Airport. Antonio Salonga, CDC vice ^resident for joint venture projects, said millions of Filipino youth will be visiting the zoo at east once in their lifetime either is fulfillment of academic studies or as visitors. Jimenez said the visitors to the zoo will marvel at the actual wildlife setting as the animals will be roaming freely instead of being loused in cages like in other zoos round the country. The project will be set up at an estimated 240-hectare area in the Sacobia hills at the 30,000-hectare subzone where its gullies, stream and mountainous terrain is the ideal setting. Jimenez said Pampango workers will be given priority in the project's construction, ground preparation, infrastructure development, support services and other activities.

Sun Star 7 Oct 1997

PAL to expand operations at Clark airport

CLARK INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT • The country's flag carrier, which began its , twice a week commercial international flights here last Saturday, is looking to expand its operations to include other southeast Asian countries. Nornvan Ocampo,Philippine Air Lines (PAL) Clark-OIC, said yesterday that PAL is now "in the process of looking" to expand its operations here. Ocampo said they will also be targeting overseas contract workers (OCWs) and tourists in other southeast Asian countries like Taiwan, Indonesia, Singapore and Malaysia. PAL is using its brand new fleet of newly-acquired aircrafts, the A-330s, in their operations here. PAL's operations started with the signing of a contract with Mimosa Regency Casino (MRC) last month after the latter terminated its existing contract with Grand International Airways or Grand Air. Grand Air began flying in high rollers or gamblers to the MRC in June 15 and flew its last on Sept. 27 after its contract with MRC was terminated. MRC, billed as the Las Vegas of Asia, will now fly its Hong Kong clients direct to Clark via PAL. The direct flights from Hong Kong are set to arrive in Clark every Saturday. Clark-Hong Kong flights are scheduled every Monday. An MRC statement said "the direct flights have opened the gateway to first-rate accommodations, superb golf, world-class entertainment and exciting duty free shopping."

Today 2 Oct 1997

Clark employs more people now than during American troops' stay

CLARK FIELD, Pampanga— The dark Development Corp. (CDC) has generated 37,442 jobs as of last month since 1993, which is much higher than the 20,000 workers hired by the former American air base here. A report submitted to President Ramos by CDC president Romeo David showed that the 200 investor-firms registered with the corporation have contracted to employ at least 58,385 workers within five years. David reported that thousands of additional job vacancies would be generated during the holding here next year of the international trade fair and the centennial celebration of Philippine Independence. According to David, five foreign investors have signed lease agreements with CDC in August to put up projects here with an initial combined investments totaling some $1 billion. Logimas Manufacturing Corp. of Taiwan has committed to put up an initial investment of P65 million and expects to increase it to P390 million in five years to manufacture injection moldings, electronics assembly and telecommunications products. Also last month, Filipino-owned Eight Integrated Development Corp. committed to put up a four-star hotel complex with investment of P300 million within three years. Golden Fortune Entertainment and Travel Ltd. of Hong Kong is initially investing PI billion for the development of a tourism resort complex and family-type entertainment at the dark subzone. The project will consist of constructing four casino-hotels, a world-class golf course and theme parks. Golden Fortune officials said they would increase their investments in Clark to $2 billion in two years. The four casino hotels, theme parks and golf course are expected to generate 10,000 jobs in three years. David added that the proposed reforestation project in the 17,000 hectares of the subzone and the agroindustrial project in over 1,000 hectares also within the zone are likewise expected to generate at least 20,000 jobs by the year 2000. CDC has also accredited at least 150 cooperatives around the zone and assisted them to organize into a federation of cooperatives and become more effective partners of CDC in various livelihood projects. Cooperative members have been employed by CDC to undertake clearing, cleaning, grass-cutting, declogging and other ground maintenance operations and activities in the 4,400-hectare main Clark zone.

Sun Star 13 Sep 1997

Hot Air Balloon Festival to go on at Clark Field

clark FIELD, Pam-panga— Secretary Mina Gabor of the Department of Tourism (DOT) announced yesterday that the annual hot air balloon festival here earlier canceled for lack of funds, would be held on Feb. 5 to 8 with the support of the private sector. Gabor said that she conferred in Manila last Sept. 4 with some leaders of business and civic groups from the Clark Special Economic Zone, as well as representatives from the Clark Development Corp. (CDC), Air Transportation Office (ATO), Philippine Air Lines (PAL), Central Luzon DOT regional office and the Angeles City Tourism Office. She said these agencies have committed to support the holding of the fifth annual hot air balloon festival here. DOT regional director Ronaldo P. Tiotuico said that he was ordered by Gabor to coordinate the necessary preparations for the balloon fest to make it one of the highlights in the celebration here of the centennial of Philippine Independence next year. DOT is finalizing its plan to hold a 100-day observance of the centennial next year of Philippine Independence with varied activities all over the country which will culminate on June 12. Gabor called on the private sector to take over the planning and execution of the hot air balloon festivals in the future but she added that "DOT will support until the private sector is ready to handle them." According to Gabor, hot air balloon festivals can generate income from sponsors. She said that previous balloon festivals at Clark attracted thousands of local and foreign tourists. Gabor has requested president Romeo S. David of CDC to lead the festival's organizing committee.

Today 7 Aug 1997

Subic-Clark oil pipeline opens soon

CLARK FIELD, Pampanga—The 65-kilometer petroleum, oil and lubricant-pipeline that extends from Subic to Clark will be inaugurated next month. The Subic-Clark pipeline, which was rehabilitated by Coastal Petroleum Corp., is one of the support facilities of the Clark International Airport, according to Romeo David, president of the Clark Development Corp. (CDC). The project, known as the Subic Bay-dark Field Petroleum Pipeline and Storage Facilities, is a joint venture of the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority, the CDC and the Coastal Petroleum Corp. The pipeline is 10 feet in diameter. The pipeline between Porac and Clark was destroyed by lahar flows in the Pasig-Potrero River in 1994. Rehabilitation of the facility included the pumping station at Subic and the tank farm inside Clark. The operation of the pipeline will eliminate the use of trucks in delivering cargo oil to the dark reservoir from the Subic Bay port. The Clark depot consists of nine storage tanks which have a capacity of 550,000 barrels. The depot is also equipped with a 50.000 barrel jet fuel tank that was completed and put into the service during the Asia-Pacific Economic Conference in November. David Arledge, president of Coastal Petroleum, said the pipeline rehabilitation project will speed up the development of Clark's airport and boost the economy of Pampanga. President Ramos has said the facility will provide a new economic life line to spur development.

Another golf course at Clark

CLARK FIELD, Pampanga—Another 18-hole, world-class golf course is set to be developed within the 4,440-hectare Clark Special Economic Zone in the next three years, and it is expected to boost the tourism potential of the former US military facility. The Fontana Leisure Parks, the maiden project of the RN Development Corp., is set to develop the golf course, which covers a 200-hectare area within the Clark economic zone. It will also feature a business and conference center, a 300-room five-star hotel, 544 European-style villas and other recreational facilities. Tagumpay Jardiniano, president of RN Development Corp., recently signed an agreement with Graham Marsh, world-renowned golf-course designer and Australian golf professional, to design the golf course. Jardiniano and Marsh hope that the site will also attract not only golfers but also tourists. Jardiniano said the Fontana Leisure Parks is the first of a string of resorts the company plans to develop, thus, it will be getting much of their concentration for the time being. Marsh, winner of 50 tournaments in the world's major golf tours and president of Marsh Golf Designs, has been credited with designing some 25 other golf courses around the world, including the famous Boracay Island golf course that is slated for completion next year. Although he has yet to see the site for the Fontana golf course, Marsh envisions that it will harmonize well with the environment as the course will feature natural and manmade structures. Only 17,000 country-club shares of the maximum 28,000 will, however, be offered to the public. The company is selling Presidential shares at P1 million, Class A shares at P450,000, Class B at P360.000, Class C at P280,000 and Class D shares at P200.000. A total of 6,000 shares have been sold so far. The Fontana management will be separately offering the future golf shares at around P600,000 each. Part of the proceeds from the sale of the country-club shares will be used to develop Fontana Leisure Parks, while the rest of the development cost will be funded through equity from stockholders led by businessman Robbie Tan. Jesulito Cornejo. RN head of customer service, said the park management is concerned about the protection of the environment. He said the plans for (lie golf course and resort call for the planting of more trees to add to the greenery.

Sun Star 31 Jul 1997

Touism estate to rise at Clark

CLARK FIELD— Keeping true to its promise, the RN Development Corporation has awarded to contractors the development of the Fontana Leisure Parks, a world-class tourism estate which is slated for completion by December inside the Clark Special Economic Zone. Although ravaged by tons of ashfall caused by the 1991 eruption of Mt. Pinatubo, the Fontana management, together with its developer chose Clark because of its vast tourism potentials and its strategic location both in the country and in the Asia-Pacific region. The P3-billion, 200-hectare tourism estate venture will feature an array of amenities and features that will best suit the vacationing public's needs in a world-class vacation park. It is expected to become one of the most sought-after vacation getaways in the country. Among the facilities to be featured at the rest and recreation tourism estate are playgrounds and mini-parks; jogging lanes; skating rinks; an aviary; a series of man-made lakes; beach- simulating swimming pool; and a water fun area complete with a wave pond, slides tubes and a pre-historic adventure lazy-river ride. The RNDC management said most of the facilities featured in the Fontana estate are one-of-its-kind in the Philippines and could not be seen in any other tourism theme parks and estate. An amusement center with a toon town will be a special treat for the whole family. RNDC president Tagumpay Jardiniano said the facilities in the Fontana Leisure Parks will complement the development of a worlds-class 36-hole championship golf course, the centerpiece of the estate. Jadiniano said the 36-hole golf course, with a separate 18-hole putting green, will one day be able to host one of the Professional Golf Association (PGA) tournaments where world famous golfers compete.

SUN STAR 18 JUL 1997

Enrile grills centennial expo project officers

manila— serious disagreements with the government and its strategic partner in the Philippine National Centennial Exposition (PNCE) project in Clark may further delay the construction of required infrastruces for the project. This developed in yesterdays investigation of the Senate committee on government corporations and public enterprises chaired by Sen. Juan Ponce Enrile on the PNGE project in Clark Field. Nora Bitong, chairman of Clark Global Assets Corp. (CGAC), maintained that CGAC is still the strategic partner of the government in the centennial exposition project. Bitong cited as proof the memorandum of agreement with the National Centennial Commission signed by CGAC in June last year. Bitong said CGAC put in P216 million initially for the PNCE project but failed to come up with the rest of the money because the project cost was raised by 400 percent. However, Bitong told the committee that she is still willing to shell out another P344 million as part of the CGAC's commitment to the PNCE project if NCC chairman Salvador Laurel is booted out of the project. "I will only give my P344 million to chairman Basco," Bitong said. Victorino Basco is the chairman of the Bases Conversion and Development Authority (BCDA). "I have no problem with the government. I have problems with one person representing the government and that is chairman Laurel," Bitong said, claiming that Laurel does not want to honor the MOA. But new Expocorp president Luis Morales insisted that CGAC is now out of the PNCE project. Morales said CGAC was dropped as the government's strategic partner in favor of Asiakonstrukt because they cannot come up with the amount needed for the project. Morales said the original "terms of reference" of the PNCE project should be the basis instead of the MOA to avoid problems. He said the terms of reference have all the provisions of a contract and was signed in March 1996 before the MOA. The controversy over Bitong's CGAC as the government's strategic partner started after the Expocorp board met in December last year and approved a resolution raising the cost of the PNCE project from P1.9 billion to P3.2 billion. The added cost was due to the decision to fully cover the nine-hectare Freedom Ring with teflon. The cost rose to P1.2 billion from an initial amount of P260 million. But Bitong said she disagreed with the resolution during the board meeting and insisted that the MOA it signed as strategic partner of the government be honored. "We will have no use with the Freedom Ring after the exposition," said Bitong. She said that if the government decides to dump her then she wants her P216 million back. However, according to former Expocorp president Teodoro Pena, the board resolution was unanimously approved. The PNCE project ballooned to P3.2 billion after its consultants, Douglas and Gallagher, decided to fully cover the Freedom Ring with teflon roofing. The Freedom Ring was the former antennae array of the U.S. Air Force and was commonly known by the Elephant Cage. During intense grilling by Enrile, Basco and Clark Development Corp. (CDC) president, Romeo David were forced to admit that they objected to the resolution raising the cost of the PNCE project to P3.2 billion. David admitted that he kept quite during the deliberations while Basco said he objected to the resolution. On the other hand, Bitong said she also did not agree with the resolution because it did not conform with the MOA.. "We did not want to approve it because it was not contained in the MOA," she said. Meanwhile, Sen. Franklin Drilon, a member of the senate investigation committee, said he "seriously thinks that the ability of the NCC to come up with the required infrastructures for the centennial is put in jeopardy" with the recent developments. Drilon added that he "doubts that the project can be finished on time."

Sun Star 5 Jul 1997

Fil-Am Friendship Day loses ifs luster as Clark rises from ashes

ANGELES CITY— The revelry and pomp that accompanies every Fil-Am Friendship Day in Angeles City during the more than 50 years it hosted the United States' Clark Air Base is now gone. Six years after the pull-out of American servicemen from Clark, Fil-Am Friendship Day has taken on different meanings and light to various groups in this city. Not one American flag was bannered next to the Philippine flag in the city's establishments yesterday. Instead, red banners of militant organizations hovered at Plaza Miranda as 500 students from the League of Filipino Students-Pampanga chapter marched along major thoroughfares to condemn what they deemed as the "51st .year of the country's neocolonization." LFS-Pampang a chairman Darwin Lopez said that the "neocolonization of the country had led to the reorientation of education towards producing globally competitive, cheap and docile laborers for multi-national corporations." The students also denounced the 15 per cent average hike in tuition at the Republic Central Colleges, Holy Angel University and University of the Assumption in San Fernando. They also protested the impending phase-out of the University of the Philippine in Clark in place of the UP Open University for graduate programs. "With every nook and corner of Clark going all the way to foreign and local big business, Fil-Arn Friendship Day has continued to mean the total sell-out of the country's sovereignty," said Sonia Soto of the Bagong Alyansang Ma-kabayan-Central Luzon and Gabriela. Inside the former baseland now called the Clark Special Economic Zone, Fil-Am Friendship Day passed with scant notice. What took center-stage was the fourth anniversary of the ecozone, energized by 188 locators from what was seven years ago an eruption-devastated baseland. Romeo David, Clark Development Corp. (CDC) president and chief executive office, said this year's anniversary celebration "will involve simple but significant activities aimed at further boosting Clark's global competitiveness." The best gauge of the lackluster Fil-Am Friendship Day could be the long honky-tonk strip that is the Fields Avenue, then practically a haven of American servicemen. Then, every Fil-Am Friendship Day meant an entire night of dancing and drinks, of greenbucks passing on from GI Joe's to hospitality girls. Yesterday, bar girls and American expatriates seemed unmindful of the occasion. Bart Jones, in his seventies, sits in one corner of a sleazy if not forgettable bar, with a bottle of beer and sings out teary-eyed America's Star Spangled Beauty. Also, a women's group took note of the increasing number of persons infected with HIV in Angeles City. IMA Foundation noted that during the last seven years of the bases stay, the number of persons with HIV dwindled from five in 1985 to one in 1991. Right after the bases pull-out, the number of persons with HIV has risen from zero in 1992 to an alarming six in 1996. The dreaded HIV is indeed one of the sad legacies of Clark and the US as the city thrived on the rest and recreation industry built around the needs of American servicemen. Today, HIV is a scar carried by women and men still trapped in the flesh trade," said city councilor Susan Pineda. Of the 41 persons tested positive with HIV from 1985 to 1996, nine were reported dead and five are actively, monitored, according to the city's Task Force on Aids. Gabrie-Central Luzon also expressed alarm over rampant prostitution in the city. "Next to Clark which employed 19,000 workers were over 13,000 prostituted women, oftentimes arriving in big batches especially on Fil-Am Friendship Days in Angeles City and Olongapo recalled Soto. From a high of 13,000 women, the Social Hygiene Clinic in Angeles City, reported that the number of entertainers in the city has sharply dwindled from 1,085 in January 1991 to 992 entertainers in January 1996. "But these figures do not honestly reflect the state and the ever discreet and sophisticated manner of operation of the flesh trade in the city," commented Soto.

Sun Star 15 Jun 1997

Subic and Clark six years later

last week, I had the opportunity to visit Subic and Clark for the first time since Americans left in 1991. I knew the former sprawling bases very well. From a military point of view, they met every criterium available. World War II has shown that military bases in highly urbanized areas were a big hindrance to proper functioning. Usually, the civilian population suffered more than the military did. Bases such as Saint Nazarene, Cherbourg and Toulon in France, Rotterdam, Malta and Singapore proved to be mistakes. After World War II, bases were created in remote areas, if possible without any urbanization. This kept, in case of conflict, civilian casualties to a minimum. The base was far easier to protect against subversive elements such as spies. Subic and Clark were textbook examples of what a modern base ought to look like. But, with these requirements, the alternative use of such a base becomes a remote possibility. In reality, there is hardly any alternative use. Well, on that point, Subic might become the exception. What Dick Gordon did here is really magnificent. In the American time, around 50,000 Filipino civilians worked daily in Subic. Today, the number of jobs created on the former base by investors is 47,000. In other words, the loss of the Americans is practically compensated. As of now, 183 companies, Filipino and foreign, have settled down in the former base. And that is certainly not the end of it. It is expected that by the turn of the century, employment will cover at least 60,000 workers. The former base operates under the name Subic Free Port. The facility is well-kept, clean and organized. By operating as a free port, authorities have put in place strict control on whoever enters or leaves the base. And that is precisely where the difference with the past is noticeable. During the American time, after working hours, the GIs and sailors "went ashore" and found at their feet a well-polished and varied entertainment life in nearby Olongapo City. Well, that time is definitely over. After their shift, the Filipino workers return home, but the very few expats stay in their luxurious houses on the base. The result is that Olongapo's night life has completely disappeared. There is not even one bar left, apart from a few local beerhouses and discos. The pockmarks from the base are still clearly visible. In Olongapo, however, these places are nicely fenced off and do not really disturb the eye. The disappearance of the bars has turned Olongapo city into a very quiet place with little traffic and with no place to go to. Along the coast are a few beach hotels, but everyone complains about the lack of customers. But the approach of Dick Gordon, who jumped into the base with his enthusiastic volunteer corps, paid off. From the very beginning, nothing was stolen, discarded or disappeared. Foreign and Filipino investors could start right away. Turning to Clark, the picture is different. There was simply no Dick Gordon around the corner. Clark's facilities were looted to the bone. Nothing of value was left behind. There was also no volunteer force that could be motivated. On top of this, Mt. Pinatubo showed its anger and not only ruined large parts of Pampanga, but also Clark Air Base. The results is very different from Subic. At present, total employment is small. Together, the 170 projects that have been announced (not there yet!) have committed to create 16,024 jobs within this year. Within five years, they have committed 51,557 jobs, but I sincerely doubt that can be done. The result is that Angeles City is the big loser. You find that right away in the city's night life. There are a large number of bars left over from the American times. Looking back, the Senate should be happy to have Mr. Gordon do the job they forgot to do, and that was to take care of providing substitute work upon the bases' closure. With a little bit of ingenuity and a little bit of patience, a much better deal with the Americans could (and should) have been made regarding their departure. Gordon really saved the Senate's face. A last word about Subic's airport. It is really beautiful. The only problem is that there are no flights. An average of two flights a day (small planes!) is not enough to keep everybody busy, and certainly not to make financial ends meet.

Today 26 July 97

FVR mulls transfer of Malacanang to Clark Field

CLARK FIELD, Pampanga - President Ramos is reportedly keen on the proposal to transfer the seat of the national government to the Clark Special Economic Zone. Romeo David, Clark Development Corp. (CDC) president and chief executive officer, told reporters yesterday that some 1,100 hectares of the Clark Subzone have been reserved for buildings and facilities that will initially house some of the offices that will be transferred to Clark. "The President formed a committee two months ago to study the prospects of relocating the seat of government here," David said. David said the plan to transfer the seat of the national government to the ecozone will he included in the master plan for the area. David said they are also urging Mr. Ramos to formulate a policy that will fast-track the development of the Clark international Airport by the year 2002. He said that since Clark was declared the site of the country's premier international airport, no other policy has been issued to hasten its development arid full operation. "We hope President Ramos would issue specific guidelines for the hastening of the development of the Clark airport, a policy that will set a target for airport officials That would insure its full operation by the year 2002," David added. The airport is in The center of the Clark zone and is expected to be very busy when the Centennial Celebration of the country's independence is staged next year with the festivities focused at Clark. The Freedom Ring project, located at the former site of what was formerly known as the "elephant cage," is currently undergoing development and is expected to be finished by February next year, in time for the commencement of the Centennial celebrations. David also said the existing parallel runways of the Clark airport will be extended from the present 3.2 km each to four km and, by the year 2005, another runway will he constructed which will transform the old runway into a taxiway. The additional runway will increase the versatility of the airport as simultaneous takeoff and landing of even wide-bodied aircraft will be possible, which in turn will increase passenger arrivals at Clark. The passenger terminal is also undergoing upgrading to convert it into the projected 15-million passenger per year terminal. The hastening of the development of the Clark airport has also been backed by various sectors, including business groups that have sought its full operation even before the year 2000.

Today 17 Jul 97

CDC: We're out of the controversy

CLARK FIELD, Pampanga -The Clark Development Corp. (CDC) clarified with a Rouse committee that the Clark body had only a minimal participation in the controversial :centennial project here. Speaking before the House Ad Hoc Oversight Committee on Bases Conversion, CDC/president Romeo David stressed that the corporation does not have to elaborate on the aspects of the project since the issue is between the parties involved. "We need not elaborate more on this aspect of the alleged ballooning project cost of the Freedom Ring contract because this is strictly between the parties directly involved in this project," David told the committee. The Freedom Ring, which is only part of the master plan for the construction of tile entire Centennial Park for next year's Independence celebration, originally cost P1.9 billion but the cost allegedly 'ballooned' when Teflon was added to the roofing of the structure. The project cost was then increased to P3.2 billion. Unnecessary delays also force National Centennial Commission (NCC) officials to postpone the December 1997 inauguration to February 25, 1998, which is also the 12th anniversary of the Edsa Revolution of 1986. "May we take this opportunity to bring to the attention of this honorable panel that the real 'bone of contention' in this controversy appears to he the management differences between Nora Bitong and former Vice' President Salvador Laurel [NCC chairman]," David said in his statement in Congress. "Perhaps, the CDC's ministerial participation in the Philippine Centennial Exposition '98 Corn. dealings with Ms. Bitong should not be dragged into the controversy," David added.

Philippine Star Jul 1997

Centennial project going nowhere

Cynics will probably say that this is just like Filipinos. A project that's supposed to showcase the Philippines' achievements in the 100 years after the declaration of independence might not be finished in time for the Centennial celebrations next year. The reason: bickerings among the officials involved in the construction of the project. The main protagonists are former Vice-President Salvador Laurel, who chairs the National Centennial Commission, and businesswoman Non Bitong, who heads the private firm which serves as the government's strategic partner in the construction of the P1.9-billion Philippine Centennial Exposition at the Clark Special Economic Zone in Pampanga. That declaration of independence by Gen. Emiho Agnaldo on June 12, 1898 is controversial enough. To this day he continues to be criticized for proclaiming Filipinos to be free "under the protection of the mighty and humanitarian nation, North America" - referring to the United States, of course, whose naval commanders even snubbed the independence rites in Kawit, Caaite. If you're wondering why our flag has the red, white and blue colors of the Stars and Stripes, that wasn't imposed by the American colonizers, but deliberately designed by our founding fathers in grateful acknowledgment of the United States' "disinterested protection" of these islands. This bit of naivete' is preserved in the Declaration of Independence. These historic vignettes won't stop the celebrations next year marking 100 years of Philippine independence. But the showcase of the celebrations may not materialize because of the controversy surrounding the project. Laurel, who serves as the chairman and chief executive officer of the Philippine Centennial Expo '98 Corp., says Bitong's Global Clark Assets Corp. refuses to infuse the remaining P334 million of its P550 million promised equity into the project unless she is made a board member of Expocorp. Bitong counters that of the promised P550 million, only P123 million is supposed to be equity and the rest will be in the form of interest-bearing loans. She claims Expocorp has failed to raise its share of P900 million for the project or account for the P416 million already collected from Global and the Bases Conversion Development Authority. There are other details in this exchange of accusations, all of which point to the same consequence - the project is likely to be delayed, or finished haphazardly at best. Lawmakers are already set to conduct a probe, which is good as long as those angling for maximum media mileage don't conduct another protracted inquiry. We're late for our "graduation" from the economic programs of the International Monetary Fund. Now the deadline may not be met for the construction of the expo. What does this say about the Philippine Centennial?

Sun Star 19 Jul 1997 - - - -CDC 4th Anniversary

Clark International Aviation Complex

CLARK FIELD, Pampanga -- At the very heart of the Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ) lies the Clark International Airport (CIA), a world-class civil aviation complex which will soon be the country's premiere international airport and air transshipment hub. This is so because the 2,200-hectare CIA is the focal point of development for the more than 60,000 hectares reverted baselands situated in the provinces of Pampanga and Tarlac in Central Luzon. The airport indeed has taken top priority as some P95 million was spent for the passenger terminal. No less than President Fidel V. Ramos inaugurated the terminal on June 15, 1996 to service the immediate requirements of the ecozone and its investors. The reopening of the airport proved to be auspicious as it served as a backup facility during the Fourth Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit. The interim facility has a peak-hour capacity of 360 passengers, or about 1.5 million passengers a year. The CIA acquired category 1 and is capable of handling night and day landing with its state-of-the-art Instrument Landing System (ILS). Its visual aids include an airfield ground lighting system, runway center lights, runway edge lights approach lights, taxi-way lights, APAPI lights, flood lights, runway taxiway pavement markings, taxiway guidance markers and wind direction indicators. The CIA is presently equipped with communications equipment classified as aerodrome, approach, ground, ATIS and SSB. The CIA recently started operations for international airline passengers via Hong Kong flights for the Grand International Airways, Inc. (Grandair). All the actions poured in the airport come with the support of the President who designated the CIA as the site of the country's premiere international airport under Executive Order 174 issued in April 1994. The Clark Airport: Engine for Growth. When completed in 2002, the CIA will be the Philippines' premiere gateway to the Asia-Pacific region and the whole world. It could be no less for the airport is strategically located at the heart of Central Luzon and the Asia-Pacific region, deemed the most exciting economic region in the next millennium. It is in this context that the full operation of the CIA is expected to serve as an engine for growth that will bring the country's industries to the 21st century. The CIA's features can meet such global challenge for the Philippines. With its 3,200 meter x 60 meter main runway and a 3,200 meter x 45 meter secondary runway, the CIA complex will be three times the size of the Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila. By 2010, the main terminal with its 22 to 25 gates can service up to 25 million passengers per year. The CDC with the support of the President is leaving no stones unturned. The Master Development Plan ensures further the strategic role of the CSEZ and the airport in accelerating Central Luzon and the country to the direction of sustained growth. Explicit Success to the 21st Century. The MDP's Physical Plan is earmarking some $6.6 billion for the upgrading of the airport and construction of a rail access system to and from Metro Manila. The cost includes the construction of a terminal with a 50-million-passenger annual capacity, a separate cargo terminal and a new parallel runway. The new 4,000-meter runway will be built at a distance of 1,700-meter away from the active run-way now being used at the CIA. Currently, CIA has two 3.2 kilometer parallel runways capable of accommodating wide-bodied aircraft. CIA will be linked with the Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) in Metro Manila via the $600 million North Luzon Rapid Railway System (Northrail and the expansion of the North Luzon Expressway (NLE) into a four-lane highway to Mabalacat town, the future site of CSEZ's main entrance. The Northrail will have a capacity of 25,000 passengers in either direction and will reduce travel time from Makati City to Clark by 50 minutes. It includes transport stations to enable passengers to interconnect with bus and Light Railway Transit routes in Metro Manila.

Sun Star 9 July 1997

Clark's P93.4-M highway opens

CLARK FIELD - Motorists inside the Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ) can now enjoy faster travel without the hassles of traffic jams and discourteous drivers. The opening of the P93.614 million, 7.9-kilometer Manuel Roxas Highway (formerly Mitchell-O'Leary Highway) last Saturday during the 4th anniversary celebration of the Clark Development Corp. (CDC) has dramatically improved traffic inside the ecozone. With the recent operation of the Clark International Airport and the opening next year of the Philippine Centennial Exposition next year, the volume of traffic inside the ecozone is expected to swell. But despite the expected increase in motor vehicle and passenger traffic, CDC officials said traffic congestion will not be a problem. The new two-lane highway is for the use of motorists entering CSEZ while the old two-lane highway is for motorists going out of the ecozone. CDC-Construction and Maintenance Department (CDC-CMD) manager Rodolfo Arias said the widening of the Manuel Roxas Highway is part of the conversion of the CSEZ into a "world-class aviation-led metropolis." He also said that the economic center will contribute to a globally-competitive Philippines. Arias said the Bases Conversion Development Authority (BCDA) funded the upgrading of the road network which will enhance the various businesses and other development activities in the area. The widening of the road network will add to the attraction of CSEZ to local and foreign investments since the ecozone will become more accessible, Arias said.

Today, 7 Jul 1997

Work on Mnl-Clark railway starts soon

CLARK FIELD, Pampanga Transportation and Communications Secretary Arturo Enrile yesterday announced the immediate construction of the $60 million high speed railway system that will connect Metro Manila to this former US military air base. Speaking at the fourth anniversary of the Clark Development Corp. (CDC) here, Enrile said that the first phase of the Manila-Clark Rapid Railway System, or Northrail, will soon begin. "The Northrail project will begin this month or in August It will have one of the better stations at Clark. This is one of my favorite projects because President Ramos has assigned the DOTC to undertake the project," he added. Northrail, a 102 kilometer, double-track electric-powered high-speed train, will cut travel from Manila to Clark by 45 minutes. The first phase will run from Clark traversing the Meycauayan exit, C-5 highway, Edsa, Araneta Avenue, Fort Bonifacjo, then toward Ninoy Aquino International Airport. It will have subsequent phases to Subic in Zambales and to San Fernando, La Union. CDC president Romeo David said that improved access to Clark will contribute to increased trade and business activities and the competitiveness of Clark particularly for the full utilization of the Clark International Airport."

Sun Star 6 July 1997

Clark Museum opened to public

CLARK FIELD – As part of the 4th Anniversary Celebration of the Clark Development Corp. (CDC), the Clark Museum was opened to the public here yesterday after its inauguration by Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC) Secretary Arturo Enrile and CDC president Romeo David. A marker which commemorates the museum's inauguration was also unveiled. The Clark Museum is a showcase of Clark's rich history and transformation, from the time it was used as a military base in 1902, up to its present development as a Special Economic Zone, by virtue of Presidential Proclamation No 80 on April 3, 1993. A large mural depicting the vision of CDC and five dioramas portraying the transformation of Clark into its present state are among the exhibits at the museum. The building housing the museum was the original site of the 217-bed base hospital which dates back to September 1903. During the Japanese occupation, the building was used as a dispensary and barracks. Immediately after World War II, the Americans constructed five long buildings which were made of galvanized iron and "sawali" (split rattan). The buildings were constructed radiating from a central area dubbed "The Little Pentagon." The building was demolished in 1986 and a sturdier building was built to become the headquarters building of the 3rd Combat Support Group, until the pullout of the American Forces in November 1991. It then became the Philippine Air Force's 600th Air Base Wing's Medical Dispensary while its second floor became a library. In August 1 last year, the dispensary was turned over to CDC which paved the way for the renovation of the building for the present day Clark Museum. CDC president Romeo David said the museum is "a tribute to the Filipino people and those of other nations who contributed to interweave Clark Field's rich history, especially to the people of Pampanga and the national leadership who, against all odds then, saw the vision that is Clark Field now.

Sun Star 7 Jun 1997

PAF urged to remove bombs buried at Clark

CLARK FIELD- "Unless the Philippine Air Force (PAF) exerts serious efforts in clearing this ecozone of countless bombs buried under lahar, the withdrawal of hundreds of investors inside the Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ) would be inevitable." This view was aired by a resident here, who claimed yesterday that his own brother once worked near the ammunition dump when Clark was still the home of the United States' 13th Air Force. According to the source, who requested anonymity, his brother told him that bombs weighing from 50 to 250 pounds were left by U.S. Air Force personnel when they pulled out of Clark in 1991. His brother, the source said, disclosed that when the Americans pulled out of Clark, bombs were left near the Elephant Cage, which is near the Clark subzone. Lahar covered the 29,000-hectare subzone with volcanic ash. The report of the informant was given credence by a disclosure last May 29 by Brig. Gen. Paulino Porquez, commander of the PAF-710th Special Operations Wing (PAF-SPOW). Another PAF officer has disclosed to reporters here that the PAF has no capability to locate all the bombs buried in lahar. This claim by the PAF, however, was debunked by the source, who said that bombs can be easily located with the aid of detectors the Armed Forces of the Philippines reportedly possess. A bomb disposal team from the SPOW hauled 11 pieces of 8l -millimeter mortar bombs near the Clark perimeter fence in Barangay Sapang Bato, Angeles City last June 25. Another bomb was dug near the Royal Duty Free shop inside the ecozone. Developers inside and outside the ecozone accidentally unearthed the bombs. Last year, at least 367 bombs, some of them of World War II vintage, were unearthed within the 4,400-hectare main zone. Thirty more bombs have been found since last January. A few months ago, workers at the America Hotel along Juico Avenue, Clark-view, Angeles City also found a mortar bomb in the area. At barangay Cutcut, another bomb was found also by workers. Last March, a brush fire inside PAF's 5th Fighter Wing at Basa Air Base, Floridablanca town set off an explosion of live bombs in the area, damaging houses and other properties. This explosion triggered an investigation by both military and civilian authorities led by Pampanga Gov. Manuel "Lito" Lapid.

Off the internet 6 Jun 1997

Will North Rail ever run?

It's less than a year before the supposed debut of the Clark Special Economic Zone via the National Centennial celebrations, and things don't seem to be falling down in place. The world's fair will now have to be rushed because the group that was supposed to run it either backed out or is not capable of doing what it promised. The North Railway which would have improved mass access to the site isn't moving either. Its last president resigned and they are still looking for a new one. The North Railway is supposed to have been a showcase of government and private sector cooperation in infrastructure. But the formula (if there is one at all) isn't working. The government through the Bases Conversion Authority has contributed valuable real estate on both ends of the railway, in Clark and Fort Bonifacio, Makati. The private sector is supposed to make everything else happen. But nothing is moving. The Spaniards are reportedly interested only in selling the trains and whatever equipment necessary to run them. The local partners are interested primarily in the real estate play, notably in Clark and Bonifacio. Even as BCDA has given valuable real estate for a song, no one really knows how this will help bring down the costs of the train service to the riding public. The big problem of North Rail is the absence of a government regulatory agency to look after it. The Department of Transportation is nominally on top of it but it is not clear if DOTC can regulate train fares. The LRT board sets the rates for its commuter trains and the PNR Board for its train services to various points. In both cases, the arrangement might be acceptable since both are government owned and controlled. But who is looking after the train commuter in a case where it is the private sector, not government running the trains as in North Railway and maybe even in the case of the Edsa MRT? Is there a law that provides for something or someone to look after the interests of the train riders? Maybe that is why the Luzon rail project can't get anywhere. The guidelines are inadequate and the absence of a clear regulator complicates the situation even more. This is one high impact infrastructure project that FVR could have claimed as his but time is running out and there seems to be no reason to think the situation will improve soon. How to get worthwhile dreams like this one from the press release mode to reality is the challenge the Ramos administration must take. They no longer have a moment to lose.

Sun*Star Clark 2 June, 1997

189 firms set up shop in Clark

CLARK FIELD -- Exactly 189 establishments have registered with the Clark Dev6iopment Corp. (CDC) as of April this year, generating total committed investments of P29.974 billion within a span of five years. In an updated report furnished to Sun Star Clark last week, the CDC said that 71 companies are engaged in commercial projects, 70 in industrial projects, 23 in service oriented, eight in tourism, seven in aviation-related projects, four in housing, five utility projects and one educational project. All these projects are expected to generate a total of 57,937 workers within a five year period or 18,964 workers within a one year period. Of the P29,974 billion committed investments within a five year period, the tourism sector accounted the bulk with P9,503 billion investments followed by the industrial sector with P8.842 billion. Exactly P5.685 billion have been committed for the utility sector, P3.77 billion for the commercial sector and Pl.595 billion for the housing sector. Investments in the lone project for the educational sector amounted to P420 million. The revenues for the service oriented sector reached P303.8 million and the aviation-related sector with P48.5 million only. Under the CDC approved land lease agreements, these companies are going to occupy a total of 1,206 hectares of land within Clark's special economic zone. Among the major tourism projects to locate at the Clark Special Economic Zone are the Mimosa Leisure and Resort Corporation, Crown Leisure and Resorts, Inc., Fun Avenue Development Corporation, Hacienda Golf Company, Sacobia Gold Company and the Asia Limited Allied Services. Other major locators here are Clark International School Inc., PLDT, Clark Water and Sewerage Co. Inc., Coastal Petroleum Inc., Meralco Engineering and Industrial Services Corp. and GLY Development Corporation.

Sun Star Clark May 31, 1997

Live bombs scattered all over Clark ecozone

CLARK FIELD- Disaster looms as live bombs weighing from 50 to 250 pounds remain buried by Mt. Pinatubo's ashfalls in some areas of this special economic zone, according to Air Force authorities yesterday. Brig. Gen. Paulino Porquez, commander of the 710th Special Operations Wing (SPOW) of the Philippine Air Force (PAF) here confirmed yesterday that the live bombs are scattered in several areas in this former US air force base. Porquez' revelation took a fearsome twist when another PAF. officer said that the government has no capability to locate all the bombs buried in laha,r.. Bomb disposal team members from 'the SPOW hauled 11 pieces of 81-millimeter mortar bombs near the Clark perimeter fence in Barangay Sapang Bato, Angeles City last Sunday while an6ther bomb was dug up near the Royal Duty Free shop inside the ecozone. A PAF officer said that the bombs are being accidentally unearthed by project developers here. Last year, at least 367 bombs, some of them of World War II vintage, were unearthed' within the 4;400 hectares main zone. Thirty more bombs have been found since last January. PAF authorities said that the bombs were left by Japanese and American military .forces here during the outbreak of the Second World War. The Clark zone and the 29,000-hectares subzone were covered by volcanic ash several meters thick during the June, 1991 eruptions of Mt. Pinatubo. A few days before the eruption, Clark was abandoned by American servicemen and their dependents. They temporarily evacuated to Subic Naval Base in Zambales. An air force officer said that the bombs "may not ordinarily explode without being tinkered with but severe heat during summer could make them vulnerable to explosions. A brush fire last, March in the PAF's Basa Air Base in Floridablanca town was blamed for the accidental explosion of live bombs there, damaging houses and other properties some 500 meters away. The explosion was felt 30 kilometers away. Corquez said that bombs unearthed here are usually brought to the Army's Ft. Magsaysay in Laur, Nueva Ecija for ,detonation. They said that detonating the bombs here might, cause panic among local residents and visitors. PAF officials hasten to add that there has not been any accidental explosion of live bombs within the ecozone and nearby communities.

Sun Star Clark May 24, 1997

P.6-M smuggled goods seized in Clark ecozone

CLARK FIELD- An anti-smuggling unit here seized P600,000 worth of duty free items while being smuggled out from this special economic zone since last April 1. An official of Task Force Balaraw (TFB), a special anti-smuggling unit formed here last April, said that the seized untaxed items included "substantial quantities" of Salem cigarettes, cans of Del Monte fruit cocktails and whole Kernel corn, Maling luncheon meat products, bars of Hershey's chocolates and candies, and several bundles of towels. President Romeo S. David of the Clark Development Corp. (CDC) formed the task force following reports of smuggling here. David ordered the task force to strictly implement merchandise control procedures here and to institute necessary measures to effectively control smuggling-related activities in the zone. David reported recently that the ODC security department has recorded a total of 143 cases of apprehensions for violations of the merchandise control and customs regulations from January 1996 to March this year. David said that the cases have been turned over to the Bureau of Customs at Clark for disposition and filing of appropriate charges in court against the violators. Reports reaching David showed that some of the duty free shops in-side the ecozone were being used in smuggling activities. Commercial quantities of duty free items from Clark are being sold openly in several grocery stores and other retail outlets in Mabalacat, Magalang, Guagua and San Fernando towns. There are 17 duty free shops now operating in this former US airforce base and 33 more have applied for authority or permission to operate here. Local manufacturers. and retailers, including grocery stores have been opposing the operations of duty free shops here. They claimed that duty free shops have been violating customs laws and merchandise control rules with impunity. There have been reports that even unauthorized persons have been able to purchase duty free items in commercial quantities here for distribution to grocery stores and other outlets as far as Metro Manila. If you want to shop on base, you must get your purchase card at The Merchandise Control Office, and then when you are leaving the base, you are subject to "random vehicle searches." Gee, does this all sound familiar?

Sun*Star Clark May 19, 1997

Seair now offering flights to Boracay, Manila from Clark

CLARK FIELD-It used to be when the hot summer months literally drove people driving north to get a whiff of cool mountain air in Baguio City and bask in the sun in the beautiful beaches of Pangasinan and La Union.. But times have changed. The proximity of Clark International Airport (CIA) to the Metro Clark area and the, somewhat improving economy has changed the preference of vacationers now. Now, weekend vacationers who want to escape the heat of the summer months prefer to go to far away Boracay and Palawan because they can return without any hitch after two or three days in time for their unfinished business here. 'Seair; Inc.,' now based in the CIA, has made it all possible with their regular flights to Palawan and Boracay. And the price? Still affordable, said a satisfied vacationer. Seair flies from Clark to Manila every Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Saturdays and Sundays and Palawan and Boracay flights leave Manila daily. From Clark to Manila, the price is P810 excluding P50 terminal fee, security fee and excess baggage and the connecting flight to Palawan is P1,620 while that of Boracay is P1,700. Another famous destination is the crater of Mt. Pinatubo. By air, it only takes a little over 30 minutes to fly over the crater and the surrounding lahar land and return to the., airport. The price is P5,000 for the first 30 minutes on a three-seater, P7,500.for the 9-seater and P15,000 for the 15-seater. Elmer Figueroa, Seair flight operations officer, said the airline has five 9-seater Dornijer aircraft, a 19-seater LET 410 aircraft. and a three-seater plane.'' Figueroa said local and foreign tourists regularly fill their flights especially during the summer months. The availability of air transportation offering inter-island hops and short flights around the Metro Clark area is predicted to draw more tourists to Clark.

Sun Star Clark April 15,1997

DHL inks pact to operate hub in Clark

CLARK INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT- A leading air cargo firm with more than 80,000 destinations in over 220 countries worldwide yesterday signed a memorandum of .agreement (MOA) with the Clark Development Corp. (CDC) to operate here. DHL Worldwide Express led by its Air and Hub director for Asia-Pacific, Neil Henderson, signed the MOA with CDC president Romeo David to lease a 5,400-square meter space for its sorting area and another 7,500 square meters for its other operations in the Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ). DHL will establish what they describe as a contingency sorting center and hub for the Asia-Pacific region in its leased area. DHL serves 38 countries from Japan to Australia and from India to the Pacific Islands in the Asia-Pacific region alone where it operates more than 584 stations with 11,000 workers and 2,900 vehicles. Citing physical constraints at the Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA), Henderson said that DHL chose Clark as a contingency sorting center and hub because "we can't afford to be out of operation like the China Airlines incident in 1993" when the NAIA was closed for three days. A China Airlines plane crash landed at the NAIA in 1993 forcing authorities to close the airport for three days interrupting DHL's operations. DHL's main regional sorting center and hub is at NAIA. Henderson said that "service is important to our customers." Heziderson ex pressed optimism over their Clark operations citing it will duplicate the firms success in Brussels, Belgium where it started 10 years ago with only 12 small aircraft handling less than 100 tons of cargo a year. Today, he said, their Brussels hub is a major player in cargo handling in Europe with 600 tons a' year. The Clark hub will be equipped with a sort system as well as DHL's state-of-the-art information technology systems and is expected to come on line within three to four months, said Hendreson. He explained that the CSEZ was selected because of its excellent infrastructure and high capacity handling capability since Clark airport can accommodate 14 wide bodied aircraft. "In addition, the CSEZ is a bonded area which is ideal for the establishment of one of our Express Logistics Centers, as well as an aircraft maintenance base," Henderson, said. "The development of this contingency hub further highlights the commitment that DHL has towards the Philippines," he added. The signing was held at the Clark International Airport Corp. (CIAC) boardroom.

Today April 11, 1997

De Villa not in favor of using old ammo depots at Clark

ANGELES CITY-Defense Secretary Renato said yesterday he is not in favor of the reported plan of the Air Force to store bombs at the old ammunition depots of the US Air Force at Clark Field "Imagine storing a ticking bomb (that poses a great risk) to thousands of employees and free shoppers inside the former US facility," De Villa said. Sources said Air Force authorities were eyeing the old ammo dumps at Clark following the explosion of a bomb shed at Basa Air Base in Floridablanca town last Saturday. De Villa, however, said the Air Force should carefully study how and where the bombs at the base would be kept and stockpiled. The blast, initially traced to a brush fire, injured 19 people and damaged 224 houses and five buildings. Authorities said the incident underscored the need for the Armed Forces to improve its storage of bombs. Sen, Orlando Mercado, chairman of the Senate committee on national defense and security, was appalled himself by the improper maintenance of the Basa bomb depots when he inspected the base last Tuesday. Yesterday, Mercado announced that his committee will review how the military disposes its funds and resources, particularly the Air Force's logistics maintenance record. He disputed the claim of Armed Forces chief Gen. Amulfo Acedera Jr. that the military cannot give priority to the up-grading of ammo depots due to lack of funds. The Armed Forces has a budget of P7.33 billion for maintenance and other operating expenses, and about P6.559 billion is earmarked for logistical services.

Sun Star Clark Feb 24-Mar 1 1997

Ross Perot eager to invest in Clark

CLARK FIELD -- American billionaire and two time United States presidential candidate Ross Perot Jr. has signified his intention of investing here. Perot is the builder of Alliance Airport, the largest industrial airport in the world.

TODAY Feb 20 , 1997 Las Vegas, Angeles City: Sister cities

CLARK FIELD, Pampanga – City officials from Las Vegas who were here recently to sign a sisterhood agreement with Angeles City officials said that they spent millions of dollars in advertisement to get rid of the world’s entertainment capital’s image as a "sin city." "I’m sorry but that was the old Las Vegas. What we have now is the new city where people go mostly for entertainment and not sex, as perceived and believed in the past, Arnie Adamsen, acting mayor of Las Vegas told TODAY in an interview after the signing. Adamsen advised Angeles City officials to do the same to clear the city’s reputation as the nation’s "sex tourism capital." City Mayor Edgardo Pamintuan said his government is also trying to wipe out prostitution in Angeles City and wants it to get rid of the "sin city" moniker it has notoriously earned.

TODAY Feb 20 , 1997 ...Projects for Centennial to be completed in time

CLARK FIELD – CDC officials have expressed confidence that vital infrastructure projects will be completed in time for the centennial celebration of Philippine Independence, which reels off in December. "We will be physically capable of handling the bulk of some 35,000 local and foreign tourists expected to visit the Centennial Park when it opens on December 18," CDC Executive VP Jamie Melendres told reporters. Melendres, however said that the North Railway Rapid Transit (Northrail) project will not be completed by the opening of the centennial celebration. He noted various factors which affected the construction of the railway project – funding, traffic and right-of-way problems. Melendres said the Clark-to-Balintawak portion of the railway project will be much easier to undertake, but will still take two years to complete. With the inclusion of the underground segment of the project, completion could take five years. He said, however, that the North Expressway, which is currently being widened, will be completed in time. Which is fine, as most of the 10,000 to 20,000 visitors expected on any given day will be traveling by land.

TODAY Feb 20 , 1997 ..............Clark earns P134M in 1996

CLARK FIELD, Pampanga – A total of P134 million in income was generated last year by Clark Development Corp. (CDC) from lands and buildings it leased to locators inside the Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ). The lease payments cover some 960 hectares of lands leased to some 170 firms inside the 4,440-hectare economic zone. Tourism projects inside Clark include Mimosa Leisure Estate, which hosts Holiday Inn Resort, Mimosa Regency Casino and a 27-hole championship golf course which are operated by the Mondragon Leisure and Resorts Corp., a firm headed by former Tourism Secretary Jose Antonio Gonzales. About 234 hectares were allotted to 67 industrial projects while housing projects, which involve the renovation of former staff houses of US troops, cover 96 hectares. Fifty-six hectares went to educational facilities, service-orientated and aviation-related projects, while commercial projects got 73 hectares.

Sun*Star Clark Jan 29, 1997

The distributor of a leading brand of cigarettes in Asia will put $2-billion worth of investments in the Clark Special Economic Zone. Golden Fortune Investment Limited (GFIL) has reserved a 1,000 hectare site in the Scobia area of the sub-zone for the project. GFIL is the leading distributor of Marlboro Cigarettes in Asia. GIFL's enertainment city will be composed of four hotels, casinos, a golf course and a Disneyland-type family enertainment. The four hotels will have a capacity of 8,000 rooms.

300,000 former GIs arriving next year

CLARK FIELD -- Preparations for the visit here of some 300,000 American military personnel who served here until 1992 have been completed, the tourism department said. The American servicemen will participate in the celebration of the Philippine Independence Centennial. Sec. Mina gabor of the Department of Tourism told newsmen during the opening of the 4th International Balloon Fiesta here that the US servicemen will make a sentimental journey to this former military facility. "Most of the 300,000 US military personnel who were once assigned in the Philippines are eager to see for themselves the transformation of former military installations like Clark and Subic," Gabor said. In a related report, the Peoples's Task Force for Bases Clean-up (PTFBC) expressed optimism that some of the American visitors next year will help in the campaign in identifying the locations of toxic wastes believed to have been buried in some areas here. Wow, YGBSM! I haven't even received my invitation yet, and now I have to go buy a shovel and a toxic chemical suit! Sounds like a great reunion to me, but how are we gonna fit 300,000 people in 1500 hotel rooms?

Sun*Star Clark Jan 27, 1997

CLARK FIELD-- The Doojin Clark Development Corp of Korea is setting up a $75 million world-class condotel and resort facility on a 34-hectare area at the Clark Special Economic Zone. The facilities will include a casino. luxury villas, a theme park, sports complex, duty free shopping mall and a 36-hole golf course. This project is scheduled to be completed by June 1998 in time for the celebration of the Philippine Centennial.

Sun*Star Clark Jan 24, 1997

CLARK INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT -- PAL is set to begin its commercial flights in Clark in to the USA and EuropeJune. "But the frequency of the flights is still in the works." PAL is now negotiating a contract with Mimosa Leisure Resorts Corp (MLRC) to fly in "casino highrollers" from Hong Kong and Taipei.

Sun*Star Clark Jan 17, 1997

CLARK FIELD- After the much ballyhooed Clark International Maden Flight last June 16, another inaugural flight is scheduled to take off from the premiere international airport here on Jan 26. This time, a regular commercial flight from the country's flag carrier will take off from Clark International Airport to Hong Kong International Airport inaugurating its regular flights here.

CLARK FIELD - The fastest 4 and 8-cylinder hot rods have been invited to participate in the first night drag race which reels off tomorrow at the Cope Thunder Dragway here. There is even a "Jeep" category - I wonder if they can find a jeep with operational head lights!

MALACANANG -- The rehabilitation of the Mabalacat-Bamban section of the vital Mac Arthur Highway will finally be implemented this year after being shelved for five years. The original span destroyed by lahar will be replaced by a suspended type of bridge that will conform with tourism specifications. This would be about 700 meters long while the one over the consolidated channel will be about 500 meters. In a related development, the Sacobia-Clark Bridge will also be built in time for the Philippine centennial celebrations in 1998. It will consist of six lanes and will serve as the main link between the Clark Special Economic Zone main zone and its sub-zone in Tarlac.

Sun*Star Clark Jan 10, 1997

CLARK FIELD -- The medical facility here will be rehabilitated by Clark Field Medical Services Inc (CFMSI). The 300 bed hospital will have a "911 Emergency facility" similar to that in the U.S. CFMSI spokesperson Lycette Ramos said the hospital will be completely rehabilitated and operational in time for the Philippine Centennial Celebration in 1998. The Clark hospital was heavily damaged by the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo in 1991. Looters have stolen all its facilities, including its toilets and sinks.

CLARK -- The 4th Philippine International Hot-Air balloon festival will be held from Jan 24-26 at the Omni Aviation Complex, Clark Field in Pampanga. Other events scheduled for the festival are: Ultralight Bomb Dropping, featuring experimental planes of the Mabalacat Aerosports Center; Private airplane/ Balloon Bursting/ Spot Landing; Friendly Kite Flying; Powered hang Gliding; Remote Control (RC) Flying; Philippine Air Force Acrobatic Show; Sky Diving and others.

Sun*Star Clark Dec 18, 1996

A unidentified woman (for security reasons) from Valenzuela, Bulacan was able to clinch the slot machine jackpot prize of P2.5 million at the Mimosa Regency Casino at 11 p.m. last Sunday.

SAN FERNANDO -- A staggering P255 million worth of investments was generated in the first nine months of the year in Pampanga, the regional Department of Trade and Industry reported. The figure was a far cry from the P23 million worth of investment recorded during the same period last year among firms registered with the DTI. As of October this year, the DTI reports disclosed that investments inside Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ) have reached P8.9 billion compared to last year's P1.6 billion.

SUN*STAR CLARK December 13,1996

CLARK -- Theme parks, vacation villas, chalets, posh housing units, five-star hotels and commercial complexes will be built inside Clark Special Economic Zone, making it a major travel destination in the Asia Pacific region. The recreational facilities will be built around two more golf courses being developed by foreign and local firms that signed separate contracts with the CDC. Global Clark Assets recently broke ground at it's 200 hectare Scobia Hills Golf and Country Club. The launching led by Nick Faldo will signal the start of the three year development of the 36 hole golf course designed by the three-time British Open champion. GCA is infusing P4.8 billion in the project that will make use of the 269 former officers quarters as posh housing units, a five star commercial center and hotel and the development of a theme park. At Clark's former Western Park, an uphill area in Mabalacat town, will rise Hacienda Golf Course, a $20-million sports facility being developed by Los Angeles based Hacienda Golf Incorp. Designated by PGA champion Lee Travino and golf architect William Graves, the 36-hole golf course will be centered on 1 124-unit corporate housing cluster and medium rise condominium in a 243-hectare near the Mactan area. The project is being carried out in partnership with Doojin Corporation, a South Korean firm inside Clark.

CLARK -- Federal Express, a leading American air cargo forwarding company, recently opened its operations at Clark Special Economic Zone. Other aviation companies which have also opted to put operations in Clark are DHL, and Pacific Jet Aviation, a fueling and ground transportation service operation. Other aviation firms already operating in Clark include Helitrop Corp, Olympic Aviation Corp, Omni Aviation Co, Pacific Airways, Philippine Aerospace Development Corp, SWFA Asia Inc, and Vivere Isles Leisure Corp.

Sun Star Clark 18 Nov 1996

MABALACAT -- The confusion over the official address of the 4200 hectare Clark Special Economic Zone has apparently been settled. About 97 percent of the booming CSEZ, with its close to P8 Billion investments, is within this town (Mabalacat), a recent mapping survey showed.

Sun Star Clark 15 Nov 1996

CLARK FIELD -- Former Caloocan City Mayor Macario "Baby" Asistio won P20 million in two days of high-stakes gambling at the posh casino here. Report has it that the newly-opened casino had to issue a chip check to Asistio, after he literally knocked off all the cash stashed at the casino's vault.

Sun Star Clark 13 Nov 1996

MABALACAT-- A councilor here said that the frenzied construction at the site of the centennial theme park inside Clark Special Economic Zone might spark a major outbreak of asbestosis in this town.

CLARK-- Clark Development Corp. President Romeo S. David labeled as improbable People's Task Force on Bases Clean-up coordinator Meilard Tality's claim that the deaths of Ateas in Barangay Sapang Bato, Angeles City may have been due to the downgradient flow of toxic water from the former fuel depot of the US Air Force. General David maintains that while there are indeed potential contamination sites in Clark, they are well contained and do not pose a hazard to the public.

What's on Manila / EXPAT 10-16 Nov 1996

CLARK -- Another entertainment complex will rise at Clark Special Economic Zone. President Ramos witnessed the signing of a MOU between Harrah's Asia Development Corp and the CDC for creating a Las Vegas style destination, featuring four casino-hotels, restaurants, retail, recreation and other resort amenities. Total investment for this project would reach US$1.5 billion and once operational, 20 to 22 thousand workers. The development will take 30 to 36 months


CLARK -- Intruders have broken down a cyclone wire fence around the Clark International Airport. A fishpond operator inside the airport security fence, Eddie Villanueva, allegedly ordered the cutting. Villanueva's five fish ponds are located 200 meters from the active runway and within the airport security fence.

ADVERTISEMENT -- Milestones for Clark

1996 - new interim airport passenger terminal

1996 - new hotel and championship golf course

Before 1998 - fully modern houses, offices, buildings, roads, telecommunications, power, fuel, water.

1997 - 1998 - a spur road leading to the North Luzon expressway

Dec 1997 - Philippine Centennial International Exposition

1998 - mass rapid transport system from Clark to Metro manila

Before 2000 - development of the 72,000 acre SEZ

2000 - premier international airport with 15 million passenger capacity.


CLARK -- As many as 24 wide-bodied jets may utilize Clark's airport during the APEC meeting, including eight Air Force One airplanes that will bring in US President Bill Clinton to the Philippines. Some 7,000 foreign delegates and journalists will be participating in the November summit.


CLARK FIELD -- The presence of cancer-causing contaminants in water wells within the evacuation complex for some 6,000 lahar displaced families here has been confirmed by the US EPA.


CLARK FIELD -- At least 300 of the housing units in this former US military base will be available for a 25 year lease to the public at $88,000, $98,000, and $108,000 each. The area will also offer two bedroom housing units to the public at $200,000 each.

SUN * STAR CLARK 14 Oct 1996

CLARK FIELD -- CIA was labeled as a Precision Approach Runway-Category One Standard airport by the Air Transportation Office. The twin runways were designed and built by the US Air Force and can accommodate all types of aircraft, including the U.S. space shuttle.

SUN*STAR Mabuhay 13-19 Oct 96

CLARK FIELD -- Philippine Air Lines has moved its aviation school to CIA (Clark International Airport). 33 PAL pilots are undergoing training on the Airbus 340 at Clark.

What's On in Manila / EXPAT 6-12 Oct 1996

CLARK -- The fabulous new, Las Vegas-style Mimosa Regency Casino held its 'soft" opening on September 27. At a cost in excess of $12 million, the Hollywood themed gaming facility is one of the most beautiful in Asia.

SUN * STAR Oct 6-12

CLARK -- ASIA'S LARGEST AMPHI-THEATER TO RISE AT CLARK Construction of the P 1.9 billion Philippine Centennial Exposition Park here is to start next month. At its entrance, a Philippine flag measuring 150 meters long and 70-meters wide will be displayed at the Grand Plaza to break the record for the world's largest flag. Asia's largest amphitheater complex with 30,000 capacity and laser lighted Geodesic Dome will highlight the Freedom Ring that will be located at the Elephant Cage -- formerly a 333-meter diameter high powered transmitter site of the US Navy detachment based at Clark. ... Pena assured that the concepts of the exposition like the so-called Freedom Ring and other main features contained in the original plan prepared by Douglas and Gallagher of the United States will be pursued. "The storyline will still be the same and it will still remain, but the details of the site plan has changed considerably. This is being done in keeping with the budget." The project is expected to draw some 40,000 visitors daily and will generate 52,000 direct and indirect jobs....

CLARK -- Some 6,000 lahar-displaced families at the evacuation center here have been warned against drinking and bathing with deep well water contaminated with oil and grease. The oil and grease contaminants were believed to have come from wastes dumped by US military authorities at the former US Air Force base.


CLARK FIELD -- Telecommunications inside this former American air base are being upgraded with the installation of 5,000 additional lines. These lines are part of 100,000 lines to be installed in the Clark Special Economic Zone by Clark Telcom in the next four years.


MABALACAT -- The proposed main gate of the Clark Special Economic Zone is Barangay Mabiga. Mabiga is several kilometers north of Dau. A 6-lane road will extend five kilometers to connect the north expressway to Clark. The North Rail Transit (bullet train) that will connect Manila to Clark will also pass through Mabiga. The ground breaking is scheduled for November while the project is planned to be completed next year in time for the Philippine centennial celebration in 1998.


Clark International Airport (CIA) was named as an alternate APEC airport. At least 24 wide-bodied aircraft are expected to use CIA, including the eight Air Force One airplanes that will bring US President Bill Clinton to the Philippines. Some 7000 foreign delegates and journalists will be participating in the November summit.

Mimosa Regency casino opened on 27 September. Equipped with 218 slot machines, 31 gaming tables including Baccarat, Blackjack, Regency Poker, Roulette and a 12 seater Royal Ascot. Designed by the same firm that did the MGM Grand in Las Vegas, the casino is seated at the heart of the 177 hectare Mimosa Leisure Estate (in the former O'club) in Clark Field, Pampanga. The casino is open 24 hours during Friday and Saturday, and on weekdays it is open from noon until 6 AM.

Smuggling of imported goods is on the rise in two special economic zones (Clark & Bataan). BEPZ execs seek elevation of smuggling cases to economic sabotage.


CLARK FIELD -- To Filipinize this former American military installation, the CDC has recently started a project renaming streets in a manner relevant to Philippine history. Official unveiling of Manuel A Roxas Highway, formerly Mitchell O'Leary Highway, and Nino Aquino Avenue, formerly Dau Avenue was on June 15th during CDC's third anniversary. Other changes: Dyess Highway is now Claro M. Recto HWY, Anderson Hwy is now J.P. Rizal Ave, and Bong Hwy is now Manuel L. Quezon Ave. [Even the Filipino names weren't spared as evidenced by Oriental Mindoro St was changed to Marcela Agoncillo and Camiguin St. was changed to Sol Gwekoh!! Makes sense to me!]

SUN STAR CLARK 15 April 1996

CLARK -- A total of 550 housing units at the northern portion of Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ) will be rehabilitated and converted into retirement villas. Clustered in a 71 hectare Uphill Area north of Clark Main Zone, the retirement village is bounded in the east by the Centennial Studios Project, in the west by the university complex, and in the south by Dyess highway.

SUN STAR MABUHAY 14-20 April 1996

CLARK -- The U. S. space shuttle landing at Clark Field? Yes, that's possible because that's how sophisticated and modern the country's premier international airport is being built here at the former military air base of the United States. NO COMMENT!

CLARK FIELD -- Some 24 drums of assorted toxic liquid wastes abandoned by fleeing American military personnel in the power plant of the former Clark Air Base are no longer there. The drums were painted red and marked with skull and crossbones indicating they were toxic and poisonous. Surplus shops in surrounding commercial districts of Dau and Balibago sell various plastic and metal drums. Some of these metal drums have been repainted.


If you were stationed at Clark, or you are just a history buff, this link is for you:

 History of Clark